Michelle Leishman

See Google Citations listing here



Chen, X., Leishman, M., Bagnall, D. & Nasiri, N. (2021) Nanostructured gas sensors: from air quality and environmental monitoring to healthcare and medical applications. Nanomaterials 11, 1927.

Graham, V., Auld, T., Beaumont, L., Bell, L., Dunford, S., Gallagher, R., Hancock, N., Leishman, M., Mitchell, P., Staas, L. and Hughes, L. (2021) Embedding biodiversity research into climate adaptation policy and practice. Global Change Biology

Tabassum, S., Manea, A., Ossola, A., Thomy, B., Blackham, D. & Leishman, M.R. (2021) The angriest summer on record: assessing canopy damage and economic costs of an extreme climatic event. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 127221 (Special Issue: Nature Based Solutions for Changing Urban Landscapes: Lessons from Australia).

Geedicke, I., Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2021) Freshwater input drives invasion success of exotic plants in saltmarsh communities. Austral Ecology

Manea, A., Tabassum, S. & Leishman, M.R. (2021) Eucalyptus species maintain secondary metabolite production under water stress conditions at the expense of growth. Austral Ecology

Tabassum, S., Ossola, A., Marchin, R.M., Ellsworth, D.S. & Leishman, M.R. (2021) Assessing the relationship between trait-based and horticultural classifications of plant responses to drought. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening

Ossola, A., Jenerette, D., McGrath, A., Chow, W., Hughes, L. & Leishman, M.R. (2021) Small vegetated patches greatly reduce urban surface temperature during a summer heatwave in Adelaide, Australia. Landscape and Urban Planning 209, 104046.


Falster, D., Gallagher, R., Wenk, E., Wright, I., Indiarto, D., Baxter, C., …Leishman, M.R., … & Schulze, E. D. (2020) AusTraits–a curated plant trait database for the Australian flora. bioRxiv.

Ossola, A.Hoeppner, M.J.Burley, H.M.Gallagher, R.V.Beaumont, L.J.Leishman, M.R. (2020) The Global Urban Tree Inventory: A database of the diverse tree flora that inhabits the world’s citiesGlobal Ecology and Biogeography 29, 1907-1914.

Laws, C.A., Hancock, N. & Leishman, M.R. (2020) Assessment of climate change threats to threatened species and ecological communities in New South Wales. Pacific Conservation Biology 26, 173-181.

Tabassum, S., Ossola, A., Manea, A., Cinantya, A., Fernandez-Winzer, L., Leishman, M.R. Using ecological knowledge for landscaping with plants in cities. Ecological Engineering 158, 106049

Le Roux, J.J., Leishman, M.R., Cinantya, A.P., Gufu, G.D., Hirsch, H., Keet, J.H., Manea, A., Saul, W.C., Tabassum, S., Warrington, S. and Yannelli, F.A., (2020) Plant biodiversity in the face of global change. Current Biology 30(9), R390-R391.

Fernandez Winzer, L., Berthon, K., Entwistle, P., Manea, A., Pegg, G., Carnegie, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2020) Direct and indirect community effects of the invasive plant pathogen Austropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) in eastern Australian rainforests. Biological Invasions 22, 2357-2369.

Fernández Winzer, L.M., Cuddy, W., Pegg, G.S., Carnegie, A.J., Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2020) Plant architecture, growth and biomass allocation effects of the invasive pathogen myrtle rust (Austropuccinia psidii) on Australian Myrtaceae species after fire. Austral Ecology 45, 177-186.

Gufu, G., Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R.Responses of five naturalised ornamental freshwater plant species to elevated carbon dioxide concentration and nutrient. Hydrobiologia 847, 3487-3496.

Fryirs, K., Stone, L. & Leishman, M.R. (2020) Simulating the effect of environmental flow duration on seedling emergence from riparian seed banks of the Upper Hunter River, NSW. River Research and Applications 36, 607-619.

Gore, D.B. and Leishman, M.R. (2020) Tafoni show postglacial and modern wind azimuths that are similar at Bunger Hills. Antarctic Science 32(2), 130-137.

Leishman, M.R., Gibson, J.A. and Gore, D.B. (2020) Spatial distribution of birds and terrestrial plants in Bunger Hills. Antarctic Science 32(2), 153-166.

Gore, D.B. and Leishman, M.R. (2020) Salt, sediments and weathering environments in Bunger Hills. Antarctic Science 32(2), 138-152.

Gore, D.B., Gibson, J.A. and Leishman, M.R. (2020) Human occupation, impacts and environmental management of Bunger Hills. Antarctic Science 32(2), 72-84.

Manea, A., Geedicke, I. & Leishman, M.R. (2020) Elevated carbon dioxide and reduced salinity enhance mangrove seedling establishment in an artificial saltmarsh community. Oecologia 192, 273-280.

Tabassum, S. & Leishman, M. R. (2020) Mixed evidence for shifts to faster carbon capture strategies towards range edges of two coastal invasive plants in eastern Australia. Biological Invasions 22, 563-575.

Marchin, R.M., Ossola, A., Leishman, M.R. & Ellsworth, D.S. (2020) A simple method for simulating drought effects in plants. Frontiers in Plant Science 10, 1715

Grimm, W.A., Weston, P.H., Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2020) Population size, plant size and reproductive output in key populations of the endangered terrestrial orchid Genoplesium baueri in eastern New South Wales. Cunninghamia 20, 259–264. doi: 10.7751/cunninghamia.2020.014

Grimm, W.A., Weston, P.H., Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2020) Life-cycle and natural history of the endangered terrestrial orchid Genoplesium baueri in eastern New South Wales. Cunninghamia 20, 265–271. doi:0.7751/cunninghamia.2020.015


Manea, A., Fernández Winzer, L.M. & Leishman, M.R. (2019) Rapid field assessments of Austropuccinia psidii impacts on five high priority Myrtaceae species in New South Wales. Cunninghamia 19, 1-6.

Gufu, G., Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2019) Experimental evidence that CO2 and nutrient enrichment do not mediate interactions between a native and an exotic free-floating macrophyte. Hydrobiologia 846, 75-85.

Burley, H., Beaumont, L.J., Ossola, A., Baumgartner, J.B., Gallagher, R., Laffan, S., Esperon-Rodriguez, M., Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2019). Substantial declines in urban tree habitat predicted under climate change. Science of the Total Environment 685, 451-462.

Tabassum, S. & Leishman, M. R. (2019) It doesn’t take two to tango: increased capacity for self-fertilisation towards range edges of two coastal invasive plants in eastern Australia. Biological Invasions 21, 2489-2501.

Manea, A., Tabassum, S., Carthey, A., Cameron, D. & Leishman, M.R. (2019) Evidence for a shift in defence driving the invasion success of Acacia longifolia in Australia. Biological Invasions 21, 2211-2220.

Winzer, L. F., Berthon, K. A., Carnegie, A. J., Pegg, G. S., & Leishman, M. R. (2019) Austropuccinia psidii on the move: survey based insights to its geographical distribution, host species, impacts and management in Australia. Biological Invasions 21, 1215-1225.

Berthon, K., Fernandez Winzer, L., Sandhu, K., Cuddy, W., Manea, A., Carnegie, A.J. & Leishman, M.R. (2019) Endangered species face an extra threat: susceptibility to the invasive pathogen Austropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) in Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology 48, 385-393.

Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2019) The resprouting response of co-occurring temperate woody plant and grass species to elevated [CO2]: An insight into woody plant encroachment of grasslands. Austral Ecology 44, 917-926.

Gufu, G., Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2019) Growth, reproduction and functional trait responses of three freshwater plant species to elevated carbon dioxide. Aquatic Botany 154, 18-23


Gufu, G. & Leishman, M.R. (2018) The current status of exotic freshwater vascular plants in Australia – a systematic description. Cunninghamia 18, 123-133.

Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2018) Soil water content variability drives productivity responses of a model grassland system to extreme rainfall events under elevated CO2. Plant Ecology 219, 1413-1421

Byrne, M., Broadhurst, L., Leishman, M. and Belov, K. (2018) Women in conservation science making a difference. Pacific Conservation Biology

Fernández Winzer, L.M., Berthon, K.A., Carnegie, A.J., Pegg, G.S. & Leishman, M.R. (2018) Austropuccinia psidii on the move: survey based insights to its geographical distribution, host species, impacts and management in Australia. Biological Invasions

Waryszak, P.,  Lenz, T.I., Leishman, M.R., Downey, P.O. (2018) Herbicide effectiveness in controlling invasive plants under elevated CO2: Sufficient evidence to rethink weeds management. Journal of Environmental Management 226, 400-407.

Gufu, G.D., Manea, A., Vorreiter, L., Leishman, M.R. 2018. Do invasive exotic and native freshwater plant species respond similarly to low additional nitrate doses?. Aquatic Botany 151, 1-8.

Carthey, A., Tims, A., Geedicke, I & Leishman, M.R. (2018) Broadscale patterns in smoke-responsive germination from the south-eastern Australian flora. Journal of Vegetation Science 29, 737-745

Geedicke, I., Oldeland, J. & Leishman, M.R. (2018) Urban stormwater run-off promotes compression of saltmarshes by freshwater plants and mangrove forests. Science of the Total Environment 637, 137-144.

Esperon-Rodriguez, M., Baumgartner, J., Berthon, K., Beaumont, L., Carnegie, A., Alfonzetti, M., Barradas, V., Leishman, M.R. (2018) What is the risk of Myrtaceae being threatened by myrtle rust (Austropuccinia psidii) in Mexico? Forest Pathology e12428

Berthon, K., Esperon-Rodriguez, M., Beaumont, L., Carnegie, A., Leishman, M.R. (2018) Assessment and prioritisation of plant species at risk from Myrtle Rust (Austropuccinia psidii) under current and future climates in Australia. Biological Conservation 218, 154-162.

Fernandez Winzer, L., Carnegie, A.J., Pegg, G.S., & Leishman, M.R. (2018) Impacts of the invasive fungus Austropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) on three Australian Myrtaceae species of coastal swamp woodland. Austral Ecology 43, 56-68.

Tabassum, S., & Leishman, M. R. (2018). Does enemy damage vary across the range of exotic plant species? Evidence from two coastal dune plant species in eastern Australia. Oecologia 186, 303-309

Tabassum, S. & Leishman, M. R. (2018) Have your cake and eat it too: greater dispersal ability and faster germination towards range edges of an invasive plant species in eastern Australia. Biological Invasions 20, 1199-1210


Leishman, M.R., Gallagher, R.V., Catford, J.A., Grice, T., Morgan, J. & Setterfield, S. (2017) Invasive plants and pathogens in Australia. In ‘Australian Vegetation’. 3rd EDITION, pp.207-229 (Ed. David Keith) Cambridge University Press.

Auld, T.D, Denham, A.J., Leishman, M. (2017) Long term conservation in an arid Acacia shrubland is driven by the interaction of fire and grazing [online]. Australasian Plant Conservation: Journal of the Australian Network for Plant Conservation, 26, 22-24

Wright, I.J., Dong, N., Maire, V., Prentice, I.C., Westoby, M., Díaz, S., Gallagher, R.V., Jacobs, B.F., Kooyman, R., Law, E.A., Leishman, M.R., Niinemets, U., Reich, P.B., Sack, L., Villar, R., Wang, H., Wilf, P. Global climatic drivers of leaf size. Science 357 (6354), 917-921.

Westoby, M., Kunstler, G., Leishman, M.R., Morgan, J. (2017) How species boundaries are determined. (Reply Letter) Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32, 7-8

Lawson, J., Fryirs, K. & Leishman, M. R. (2017) Interactive effects of waterlogging and atmospheric CO2 concentration on gas exchange, growth and functional traits of Australian riparian tree seedlings. Ecohydrology 10(3).

Harris, C.J., Manea, A., Moles, A.T., Murray, B.R. & Leishman, M.R. (2017) Differences in life-cycle stage components between native and introduced ranges of five woody Fabaceae tree species. Austral Ecology 42, 404-413.

Yanjie, L., Oduor, A.M.O., Zhang, Z. Manea, A., Tooth, I.M., Leishman, M.R., Xu, X., van Kleunen, M. (2017) Do invasive alien plants benefit more from global environmental change than native plants? Global Change Biology 23, 3363-3370.


Tabassum, S. & Leishman, M. R. (2016) Trait values and not invasive status determine competitive outcomes between native and exotic invasive species under varying soil nutrient availability. Austral Ecology 41, 875-885.

Birnbaum, C., Bissett, A., Thrall, P. H. & Leishman, M. R. (2016) Nitrogen fixing bacterial communities in invasive legume nodules and associated soils are similar across introduced and native range populations in Australia. Journal of Biogeography 43, 1631-1644.

Cooke, J., & Leishman, M.R. Consistent alleviation of abiotic stress with silicon addition: a meta-analysis. Functional Ecology 30, 1340-1357.

Manea, A., Sloane, D. & Leishman, M.R. Extreme drought associated biomass die-back facilitates the invasion of an exotic grass into a temperate model grassland system. Oecologia 181, 175-183.

O’Donnell, J., Fryirs, K. & Leishman, M. R. (2016) Seed banks as a source of vegetation regeneration to support the recovery of degraded rivers: a comparison of river reaches of varying condition. Science of the Total Environment  542, 591-602.

Carthey, A. J. R., Fryirs, K. A., Ralph, T. J., Bu, H. & Leishman, M. R. (2016) How seed traits predict floating times: a biophysical process model for hydrochorous seed transport in fluvial systems. Freshwater Biology 61, 19–31.

Clarke, P.J., Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2016) Are fire resprouters more carbon limited than non-sprouters? Effects of elevated CO2 on biomass, storage and allocation of woody species. Plant Ecology 217, 763-771.


Leishman, M.R. & Gallagher, R.V. (2015) Will alien plant invaders be advantaged under future climates? In Biological Invasions in Aquatic and Terrestrial Systems: Ecological Impacts, Predictions and Management.  (Ed. João Canning Clode) pp 368-388. (VERSITA)

Lawson, J., Lenz, T., Fryirs, K . & Leishman, M. R. (2015) Heterogeneous flows foster heterogeneous assemblages: relationships between functional diversity and hydrological heterogeneity in riparian plant communities. Freshwater Biology 60, 2208-2225.

Nicholson, E., Regan, T. J., Auld, T. D., Burns, E. L., Chisholm, L. A., English, V., Harris, S., Harrison, P., Kingsford, R. T., Leishman, M. R., Metcalfe, D. J., Pisanu, P., Watson, C. J., White, M., White, M. D., Williams, R. J., Wilson, B. and Keith, D. A. (2015) Towards consistency, rigour and compatibility of risk assessments for ecosystems and ecological communities. Austral Ecology 40, 347-363.

Auld, T. D. & Leishman, M. R. (2015) Ecosystem risk assessment for Gnarled Mossy Cloud Forest, Lord Howe Island, Australia. Austral Ecology 40, 364-372.

Tozer, M. G., Leishman, M. R. and Auld, T. D. (2015) Ecosystem risk assessment for Cumberland Plain Woodland, New South Wales, Australia. Austral Ecology 40, 400-410.

O’Donnell, J., Fryirs, K. and Leishman, M. R. (2015) Can the sedimentological and morphological structure of rivers be used to predict characteristics of riparian seed banks? Geomorphology 245, 183-192.

Roger, E.,  Englert Duursma, D., Downey, P.O., Gallagher, R.V.,  Hughes, L., Steel, J., Johnson, S.B. & Leishman, M.R. (2015) A tool to assess potential for alien plant establishment and expansion under climate change. Journal of Environmental Management 159, 121-127.

Manea, A., Grootemaat, S. & Leishman, M.R. Leaf flammability and fuel load accumulation increase under elevated CO2 levels in a model grassland system. International Journal of Wildland Fire 24, 819-827.

Zanne, A.E., Tank, D.C., Cornwell, W.K., Eastman, J.M., Smith, S.A., FitzJohn, R.G., McGlinn, D.J., Moles, A.T., O’Meara, B.C., Royer, D.L., Wright, I.J., Aarssen, L., Bertin, R.I., Govaerts, R., Hemmings, F., Leishman, M.R., Oleksyn, J., Reich, P.B., Sargent, R., Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S., Stevens, P.F., Swenson, N.G., Warman, L., Westoby, M., Beaulieu, J.M. (2015). Zanne et al. reply. Nature, 521(7552), E6-E7.

Zanne, A.E., Tank, D.C., Cornwell, W.K., Eastman, J.M., Smith, S.A., FitzJohn, R.G., McGlinn, D.J., Moles, A.T., O’Meara, B.C., Royer, D.L., Wright, I.J., Aarssen, L., Bertin, R.I., Govaerts, R., Hemmings, F., Leishman, M.R., Oleksyn, J., Reich, P.B., Sargent, R., Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S., Stevens, P.F., Swenson, N.G., Warman, L., Westoby, M., Beaulieu, J.M. (2015). Corrigendum: Three keys to the radiation of angiosperms into freezing environments. Nature, 521(7552), 380-380.

Leishman, M.R. & Gallagher, R.V. (2015) Will there be a shift to alien-dominated vegetation assemblages under climate change? Diversity and Distributions 21, 848-852.

Lawson, J. R., Fryirs, K. A. & Leishman, M. R. (2015) Hydrological conditions explain variation in wood density in riparian plants of south-eastern Australia. Journal of Ecology 103, 945-956.

Cuneo, P. & Leishman, M. R. (2015) Recovery after African Olive invasion: can a ‘bottom-up’ approach to ecological restoration work? Ecological Management & Restoration 16, 33–40.

Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2015) Competitive interactions between established grasses and woody plant seedlings under elevated CO2 levels are mediated by soil water availability. Oecologia 177, 499-506.

Gallagher, R.V., Randall, R.P. & Leishman, M.R. (2015) Trait differences between naturalized and invasive plant species independent of residence time and phylogeny. Conservation Biology 29, 360-369.


Gallagher, R.V. & Leishman, M.R. (2014) Invasive plants and invaded ecosystems in Australia: implications for biodiversity. In Austral Ark: The state of wildlife in Australia and New Zealand (A. Stow, N. Maclean & G. Holwell), pp. 105-133. Cambridge University Press.

Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2014) Competitive interactions between established grasses and woody plant seedlings under elevated CO2 levels are mediated by soil water availability. Oecologia 177, 499-506.

Gallagher, R.V., Randall, R.P. & Leishman, M.R. (2014) Trait differences between naturalized and invasive plant species independent of residence time and phylogeny. Conservation Biology 29, 360-369.

Leishman, M. R., Cooke, J., Richardson, D. M. (2014), Evidence for shifts to faster growth strategies in the new ranges of invasive alien plants. Journal of Ecology 102, 1451–1461.

O’Donnell, J., Fryirs, K. and Leishman, M. R. (2014) Can the regeneration of vegetation from riparian seed banks support biogeomorphic succession and the geomorphic recovery of degraded river channels? River Research and Applications 31, 834-846.

Moles, A. T., Perkins, S. E., Laffan, S. W., Flores-Moreno, H., Awasthy, M., Tindall, M. L., Sack, L., Pitman, A., Kattge, J., Aarssen, L. W., Anand, M., Bahn, M., Blonder, B., Cavender-Bares, J., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Cornwell, W. K., Díaz, S., Dickie, J. B., Freschet, G. T., Griffiths, J. G., Gutierrez, A. G., Hemmings, F. A., Hickler, T., Hitchcock, T. D., Keighery, M., Kleyer, M., Kurokawa, H., Leishman, M. R., Liu, K., Niinemets, Ü., Onipchenko, V., Onoda, Y., Penuelas, J., Pillar, V. D., Reich, P. B., Shiodera, S., Siefert, A., Sosinski, E. E., Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Swaine, E. K., Swenson, N. G., van Bodegom, P. M., Warman, L., Weiher, E., Wright, I. J., Zhang, H., Zobel, M., Bonser, S. P. (2014), Which is a better predictor of plant traits: temperature or precipitation?. Journal of Vegetation Science 25, 1167-1180.

Birnbaum, C., Bissett, A., Thrall, P. H. & Leishman, M. R. (2014) Invasive legumes encounter similar soil fungal communities in their non-native and native ranges in Australia. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 76, 210-217.

Beaumont, L. J., Gallagher, R. V., Leishman, M. R., Hughes, L., Downey, P. O. (2014), How can knowledge of the climate niche inform the weed risk assessment process? A case study of Chrysanthemoides monilifera in Australia. Diversity and Distributions 20, 613–625.

Manea, A., Leishman M.R., (2014) Leaf area index drives soil water availability and extreme drought-related mortality under elevated CO2 in a temperate grassland model system. PLoS ONE 9(3): e91046.

Cornwell, W. K., Westoby, M., Falster, D. S., FitzJohn, R. G., O’Meara, B. C., Pennell, M. W., McGlinn, D. J., Eastman, J. M., Moles, A. T., Reich, P. B., Tank, D. C., Wright, I. J., Aarssen, L., Beaulieu, J. M., Kooyman, R. M., Leishman, M. R., Miller, E. T., Niinemets, Ü., Oleksyn, J., Ordonez, A., Royer, D. L., Smith, S. A., Stevens, P. F., Warman, L., Wilf, P., Zanne, A. E. (2014), Functional distinctiveness of major plant lineages. Journal of Ecology 102, 345–356.

Tooth, I & Leishman, M.R. (2014) Elevated carbon dioxide and fire reduce biomass of native grass species when grown in competition with invasive exotic grasses in a savanna experimental system. Biological Invasions 16, 257-268.

O’Donnell, J., Fryirs, K. and Leishman, M. R. (2014) Digging deep for diversity: riparian seed bank abundance and species richness in relation to burial depth. Freshwater Biology 59, 100–113.

Zanne, A.E., Tank, D.C., Cornwell, W.K., Eastman, J.M., Smith, S.A., FitzJohn, R.G., McGlinn, D.J., Moles, A.T., O’Meara, B.C., Royer, D.L., Wright, I.J., Aarssen, L., Bertin, R.I., Govaerts, R., Hemmings, F., Leishman, M.R., Oleksyn, J., Reich, P.B., Sargent, R., Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S., Stevens, P.F., Swenson, N.G., Warman, L., Westoby, M., Beaulieu, J.M. (2014) Three keys to the radiation of angiosperms into freezing environments.  Nature 506, 89-92.


Englert Duursma D, Gallagher RV, Roger E, Hughes L, Downey PO, Leishman MR (2013) Next generation invaders? Naturalised sleeper weeds in Australia under future climates. PloS one 8 (12), e84222.

Birnbaum, C. & Leishman, M.R. (2013) Plant-soil feedbacks do not explain invasion success of Acacia species in introduced range populations in Australia. Biological Invasions 15, 2609-2625.

Gallagher, R.V., Hughes, L. & Leishman, M.R. (2013) Species loss and gain in communities under climate change: consequences for functional diversity Ecography 36, 531-540.

Gallagher, R. V., Englert Duurmsa, D., O’Donnell, J., Wilson, P. D., Downey, P. O., Hughes, L. & Leishman, M. R. (2013) The grass may not always be greener: projected reductions in climatically suitable habitat for exotic grasses under future climates. Biological Invasions 15, 961-975.

Hancock, N., Leishman, M.R. & Hughes, L. (2013) Testing the “local provenance” paradigm: a common garden experiment in Cumberland Plain Woodland, Sydney, Australia. Restoration Ecology 21, 569-577.

Harrison, S.P., Morfopoulos C., Srikanta Dani K.G., Prentice C., Arneth A., Atwell B., Barkley M., Leishman M.R., Loreto F., Medlyn B.E., Niinemets U., Possell M., Peñuelas J., Wright I.J. (2013) Volatile isoprenoid emissions: from plastid to planet. New Phytologist 197, 49–57.

Tooth, I & Leishman, M.R. (2013) Post-fire resprouting responses of native and exotic grasses from Cumberland Plain Woodland (Sydney, Australia) under elevated carbon dioxide. Austral Ecology 38, 1-10.


Gallagher, R.V. & Leishman, M.R. (2012) A global analysis of trait variation and evolution in climbing plants. Journal of Biogeography 39, 1757-1771

Harris, C.J., Dormontt, E.E., Le Roux, J.J., Lowe, A., & Leishman, M.R. (2012) No consistent association between changes in genetic diversity and adaptive responses of Australian acacias in novel ranges. Evolutionary Ecology 26, 1345-1360.

Gallagher, R. V. and Leishman, M. R. (2012), Contrasting patterns of trait-based community assembly in lianas and trees from temperate Australia. Oikos 121, 2026–2035.

Birnbaum, C., Barrett, L. G., Thrall, P. H. & Leishman, M. R. (2012) Mutualisms are not constraining cross-continental invasion success of Acacia species within Australia. Diversity and Distributions 18, 962–976.

Cuneo, P. & Leishman, M.R. (2012) Ecological impacts of invasive African Olive (Olea europaea ssp cuspidata) in Cumberland Plain Woodland, Sydney, Australia. Austral Ecology 38, 103-110.

Cooke, J. & Leishman, M.R. (2012) Trade-offs between foliar silicon and carbon-based defences: evidence from vegetation communities of contrasting soil types. Oikos 121, 2052-2060.

O’Donnell, J.O., Gallagher, R.V., Wilson, P.D., Downey, P.O., Hughes, L., Leishman, M.R. (2012) Invasion hotspots for non-native plants in Australia under current and future climates. Global Change Biology 18, 617-629.


Harris, C.J., Kyle, G., Fryirs, K. & Leishman, M.R. (2011) How does restoration of native canopy affect understory vegetation composition? Evidence from riparian communities of the Hunter Valley, Australia. Restoration Ecology 20, 584-592. 

Cooke, J. & Leishman, M.R. (2011) Silicon and leaf longevity: is silicon a player in the leaf dry mass spectrum? Functional Ecology 25, 1181–1188.

Gallagher, R.V., Leishman, M.R., Miller, J.T., Hui, C., Richardson, D.M., Suda, J. & Trávníček, P. (2011) Invasiveness in introduced Australian acacias: the role of species’ traits and genome size. Diversity and Distributions 17, 88-897.

Gallagher, R.V., Leishman, M.R. & Moles, A.T. (2011) Traits and ecological strategies of Australian tropical and temperate climbing plants. Journal of Biogeography 38, 828-839.

Kattge, J. et al. (2011) TRY – a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology 17, 2905-2935.

Cooke, J., Leishman, M.R. (2011) Is plant ecology more siliceous than we realise? Trends in Plant Sciences 16, 61-68.

Manea, A., Leishman, M.R., Downey, P.O. (2011) Exotic C4 grasses have increased tolerance to glyphosate under elevated carbon dioxide. Weed Science 59, 28-36.

Manea, A. & Leishman, M.R. (2011) Competitive interactions between native and invasive exotic plant species are altered under elevated carbon dioxide. Oecologia 165, 735–744.


Richardson, D.M., Daehler, C.C., Leishman, M.R. and Pauchard, A. (2010) Plant invasions: theoretical and practical challenges. Biological Invasions 12, 3907–3911. DOI 10.1007/s10530-010-9845-1

Mika, S., Hoyle, J.T., Kyle, G., Howell, T., Wolfenden, B.J., Ryder, D.S., Keating, D., Boulton, A.J., Brierley, G.J., Brooks, A.P., Fryirs, K.A., Leishman, M.R., Sanders, M., Arthington, A.H., Creese, R., Dahm, M., Miller, C., Pusey, B., Spencer, J. and Spink, A.M. (2010) Inside the ‘black box’ of river restoration: using catchment history to identify disturbance and response mechanisms to set targets for process-based restoration. Ecology and Society 15, 8. [online] URL:

Cuneo, P., Offord, C.A. Leishman, M.R. (2010) Seed ecology of the invasive woody plant African Olive (Olea europaeasubsp. cuspidata): implications for management and restoration. Australian Journal of Botany 58, 342-348.

Gallagher, R.V., Hughes, L., Leishman, M.R. & Wilson, P.O. (2010) Predicted impact of exotic vines on an endangered ecological community under future climate change. Biological Invasions 12, 4049-4063.

Gallagher, R.V., Beaumont, L.J., Hughes, L. & Leishman, M.R. (2010) Evidence for climatic niche and biome shifts between native and novel ranges in plant species introduced to Australia. Journal of Ecology  98, 790-799.

Phillips, M.L., Murray, B.R., Leishman, M.R. & Ingram R. (2010) The naturalization to invasion transition: are there introduction-history correlates of invasiveness in exotic plants of Australia? Austral Ecology 35, 695-703.

Leishman, M.R., Thomson, V.P., and Cooke, J. (2010) Native and exotic invasive plants have fundamentally similar carbon capture strategies. Journal of Ecology 98, 28-42.

Leishman, M.R. & Harris, C. (2010) Seed Ecology. In Encyclopedia of Invasive Introduced Species (eds D. Simberloff and M. Rejmanek), pp. 627-631. University of California Press.


Moles, A.T., Warton, D.I., Warman, L., Swenson, N., Laffan, S.W., Zanne, A.E., Pitman, A., Hemmings, F.A., Leishman, M.R. (2009) Global patterns in plant height. Journal of Ecology 97, 923-932.

Kyle, G. and Leishman, M.R. (2009) Plant functional trait variation in relation to riparian geomorphology: the importance of disturbance. Austral Ecology 34, 793-804

Beaumont LJ, Gallagher RV, Downey PO, Thuiller W, Leishman M.R., Hughes L (2009) Modelling the impact of Hieraciumspecies on protected areas in Australia under future climate. Ecography 32, 757-764.

Cuneo P, Jacobson C & Leishman, M.R. (2009) Landscape scale detection and mapping of invasive African Olive (Olea europaea L.subsp. cuspidata (Wall ex G.Don Ciferri) by remote sensing in SW Sydney, Australia. Applied Vegetation Science 12,145-154.

Kyle, G. and Leishman, M.R. (2009) Functional trait differences between extant exotic, native and extinct native plants in the Hunter River, NSW: a potential tool in riparian rehabilitation. River Research & Applications 25, 892-903.

Beaumont LJ, Gallagher RV, Downey PO, Thuiller W, Leishman M.R., Hughes L (2009) Climatic niche shifts among invasive species can lead to underestimations of current and future biological invasions. Diversity and Distributions 15, 409-420.

Gallagher, R.J., Hughes, L. & Leishman, M.R. (2009) Phenological trends among Australian alpine species: using herbarium records to identify indicator species. Australian Journal of Botany 571–9.


Llorens, AM & Leishman, M.R. (2008) Climbing strategies determine light availability for both vines and associated structural hosts. Australian Journal of Botany 56, 527-534.

Kyle, G., Schmidt, T., Cooke, J. & Leishman, M.R. (2008) Growth and survival of riparian plantings in relation to Willow canopy in the Upper Hunter River. Ecological Management & Restoration 9, 154-156.

Mason, R.A, Cooke, J., Moles, A.T. and Leishman, M.R. (2008) Reproductive output of native and exotic plants: a global comparison. Global Ecology & Biogeography 17, 633-640.

Ryder, D., Brierley, G., Hobbs, R., Kyle, G & Leishman, M. (2008) Vision Generation: What do we seek to achieve in integrative river rehabilitation? In River Futures. An Integrative Scientific Approach to River Repair, (eds G. Brierley & Fryirs, K.), pp. 16-27. Island Press, USA.

Moles, A. T. & Leishman, M.R. (2008) The seedling as part of a plant’s life history strategy. In Seedling Ecology and Evolution (eds Leck, M. A., Parker, V. T. & Simpson, R. L.), pp. 217-238. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.


Leishman, M.R., Haslehurst, T., Ares, A. & Baruch, Z. (2007) Leaf trait relationships of native and invasive plants: community and global-scale comparisons. New Phytologist 176, 635-643.

Moles, A.T., Ackerly, D.D., Tweddle, J.C., Dickie, J.B., Smith, R., Leishman, M.R., Mayfield, M.M., Pitman, A., Wood, J.T. and Westoby, M. (2007) Global patterns in seed size. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16(1), 109-116.


Cuneo, P. & Leishman, M.R. (2006) African Olive (Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall ex G.Don) Ciferri as an environmental weed in eastern Australia: a review. Cunninghamia 9, 545-57.

Wright, I.J., Leishman, M.R., Read, C. & Westoby, M. (2006) Gradients of light availability and leaf traits with leaf age and canopy position in 28 Australian shrubs and trees. Functional Plant Biology 33, 407-19.


Hill, S.J., Tung, P.J. & Leishman, M.R. (2005) Exotic plant invasion in an endangered ecological community: the effect of different disturbance types on Cumberland Plain Woodland in Sydney, Australia. Austral Ecology 30, 775-788.

Murray, B.R., Leishman, M.R., Kelaher, B.P., Hose, G.C. & Figueira, W.F. (2005) A meta-analysis of the interspecific relationship between seed size and plant abundance within local communities. Oikos 110, 191-194.

Thomson, V.P. & Leishman, M.R. (2005) Post-fire vegetation dynamics in nutrient-enriched and non-enriched sclerophyll woodland. Austral Ecology 30, 250-260.

Leishman, M.R. & Thomson, V.P. (2005) Experimental evidence for the effects of added water, nutrients and physical disturbance on invasive plants in low fertility Hawkesbury Sandstone soils, Sydney, Australia. Journal of Ecology 93, 38-49.


Moles, A.T., Falster, D.S., Leishman, M.R. & Westoby, M. (2004) Small-seeded species produce more seeds per square metre of canopy per year, but not per individual per lifetime. Journal of Ecology 92, 384-396.

Leishman, M.R., Hughes, M.T. and Gore, D.B (2004) Soil phosphorus enhancement below stormwater outlets in urban bushland: spatial and temporal changes and the relationship with invasive plants. Australian Journal of Soil Research 42, 197-202.

Thomson, V.P. & Leishman, M.R. (2004). Survival of native plants of Hawkesbury Sandstone communities with additional nutrients: effect of plant age and habitat. Australian Journal of Botany 52, 141-147

Lake, J. & Leishman, M.R. (2004) Invasion success of exotic plants in natural ecosystems: the role of disturbance, plant attributes and freedom from herbivores. Biological Conservation 117, 215-226.

Vesk, P.A., Leishman, M.R. & Westoby, M. (2004). Simple traits do not predict grazing response in Australian dry shrublands and woodlands. Journal of Applied Ecology 4122-31.


Murray, B.R. & Leishman, M.R. (2003). On the relationship between seed mass and species abundance in plant communities. Oikos 101, 643-645.

Gore, D.B., Snape, I. & Leishman, M.R. (2003). Sediment provenance, transport and deposition, Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science 15, 259-269.


Gore, D.B., Rhodes, E.J., Augustinus, P.C.G., Leishman, M.R., Colhoun, E.A., Rees-Jones, J. (2001). Bunger Hills, East Antarctica: ice free at the Last Glacial Maximum. Geology 29, 1103-1106.

Leishman, M.R. & Murray, B.R. (2001). The relationship between seed size and abundance in plant communities: model predictions and observed patterns. Oikos 94, 151-161.

Leishman, M.R. (2001). Does the seed size / number trade-off model determine plant community structure? An assessment of the model mechanisms and their generality. Oikos 93, 294-302.

Leishman, M.R. & Wild, C. (2001). Vegetation abundance and diversity in relation to soil nutrients and soil water content in Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science 13, 126-134.


Leishman, M.R., Masters, G.J., Clarke, I.P. & Brown, V.K. (2000). Seed bank dynamics: the role of fungal pathogens and climate change. Functional Ecology 14, 293-299.

Leishman, M.R., Wright, I.J., Moles, A.T. & Westoby, M. (2000). The evolutionary ecology of seed size. In Seeds – the ecology of regeneration in plant communities (ed. M. Fenner), pp. 31-57. 2nd edition. CAB International, Wallingford.


Leishman, M.R., Sanbrooke, K., & Woodfin, R. (1999). The effect of elevated CO2 and light on growth and reproductive performance of four annual species. New Phytologist 144, 455-462.

Leishman, M.R. (1999). How well do plant attributes correlate with establishment ability? Evidence from a study of 16 calcareous grassland species. New Phytologist 141, 487-496.


Leishman, M.R. & Westoby, M. (1998). Seed size and shape are not related to persistence in soil in Australia in the same way as in Britain. Functional Ecology 12, 480-485.


Lord, J.M., Egan, J., Westoby, M., Clifford, H.T., Dunlop, C., Jurado, E.Y., Leishman, M.R. & Williams, R. (1997). Larger seeds in tropical floras: consistent patterns independent of growth form and dispersal mode. Journal of Biogeography 24, 205-211.

Augustinus, P.C., Gore, D.B., Leishman, M.R., Zwartz, D. &. Colhoun, E.A. (1997). Reconstruction of ice flow across the Bunger Hills, East Antarctica. Antarctic Science 9, 347-354.

Westoby, M. & Leishman, M.R. (1997). Categorizing plant species into functional types. In Plant Functional Types: their relevance to ecosystem properties and global change (eds T.M. Smith, H.H. Shugart, and F.I. Woodward), pp. 104-121. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.


Westoby, M., Leishman, M.R. & Lord, J.R. (1996). Comparative ecology of seed size and dispersal. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 351, 1309-1318.


Leishman, M.R., Westoby, M. & Jurado, E. (1995). Correlates of seed size variation: a comparison among five temperate floras. Journal of Ecology 83, 517-530.

Westoby, M., Leishman, M.R. & Lord, J.R. (1995). On misinterpreting the “phylogenetic correction”. Journal of Ecology 83, 531-534.

Westoby, M., Leishman, M.R. & Lord, J.R. (1995). Further remarks on phylogenetic correction. Journal of Ecology 83, 727-729.

Westoby, M., Leishman, M.R. & Lord, J.R. (1995). Issues of interpretation after relating comparative datasets to phylogeny. Journal of Ecology 83, 892-893.

Lord, J., Westoby, M. & Leishman, M.R. (1995). Seed size and phylogeny in six temperate floras: constraints, niche-conservatism and adaptation. American Naturalist 146, 349-364.


Leishman, M.R. & Westoby, M. (1994). Hypotheses on seed size: tests using the semiarid flora of western New South Wales, Australia. American Naturalist 143, 890-906.

Leishman, M.R. & Westoby, M. (1994). The role of large seed size in shaded conditions: experimental evidence.Functional Ecology 8, 205-214.

Leishman, M.R. & Westoby, M. (1994). The role of large seeds in seedling establishment in dry soil conditions – experimental evidence from semi-arid species. Journal of Ecology 82, 249-258.

Hughes, L., Dunlop, M., French, K., Leishman, M.R., Rice, B., Rodgerson, L. & Westoby, M. (1994). Predicting dispersal spectra: a minimal set of hypotheses based on plant attributes. Journal of Ecology 82, 933-950.


Oakwood, M., Jurado, E., Leishman, M.R. & Westoby, M. (1993). Geographic ranges of plant species in relation to dispersal morphology, growth form and diaspore weight. Journal of Biogeography 20, 563-572.


Westoby, M., Jurado, E. & Leishman, M.R. (1992). Comparative evolutionary ecology of seed size. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7, 368-372.

Leishman, M.R., Hughes, L., French, K., Armstrong, D. & Westoby, M. (1992). Seed and seedling biology in relation to modelling vegetation dynamics under global climate change. Australian Journal of Botany 40, 599-613.

Leishman, M.R. & Westoby, M. (1992). Classifying plants into groups on the basis of associations of individual traits – evidence from Australian semi-arid woodlands. Journal of Ecology 80, 417-424.


Leishman, M.R. (1990).  Suburban development and resultant changes in the phosphorus status of soils in the area of Ku-ring-gai, Sydney. Proceedings of the Linnean Society NSW 112, 15-25.

Leishman, M.R. & Eldridge, M.D.B. (1990). Life history characteristics of two sympatric Onychophoran species from the Blue Mountains, New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society NSW 112, 173-185.

Pouliquen, O., Leishman, M.R. & Redhead, T.D. (1990). Effects of radio collars on wild mice Mus domesticus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68, 1607-1609.


Fryirs, K., O’Donnell, J., Carthey, A. & Leishman, M. (2014) Is passive revegetation through utilization of soil seed banks a viable rehabilitation option in riparian
ecosystems?, in Vietz, G; Rutherfurd, I.D, and Hughes, R. (editors), Proceedings of the 7th Australian Stream Management Conference. Townsville, Queensland, Pages 268-273.

Downey, P.O., Lenz, T.I., Sea, W.B., Higgisson, W., Lavier, G., Waryszak, P. and Leishman, M.R.  (2012).  Does the tolerance of weeds to herbicide change with elevated levels of CO2? In: 18th Australasian Weeds Conference, Melbourne, 8-11 October 2012:273-274. Victorian Weeds Society, Melbourne.

Wilson, PD, Downey, PO, Leishman, M.R., Gallagher, R, Hughes, L & O’Donnell, J (2009) Weeds in a warmer world: predicting the impact of climate change on Australia’s alien plant species using MaxEnt. Plant Protection Quarterly 24: 84-87.

Gallagher, R, Beaumont, L., Downey, P.O., Hughes, L., and Leishman, M.R. (2008) Projecting the impact of climate change on bitou bush and boneseed distributions in Australia. National Bitou Bush and Boneseed Forum Proceedings, published in Plant Protection Quarterly 23 (1), 37.

Gallagher RV, Beaumont LJ, Downey PO, Hughes L & Leishman M.R . (2008) Predicting the potential for hawkweed range expansion in Australia: climate change projections for 2030. 16th Annual Australian Weeds Conference – Cairns, Queensland, May 2008.

Downey, PO., Gallagher, RV., Beaumont, L., Leishman, M.R. & Hughes, L. (2007) Weeds and climate change: what do we know and where to from here. Proceedings of the14th NSW Weeds Conference, University of Wollongong 25-27 September 2007.

Gallagher, R, Beaumont, L., Downey, P.O., Hughes, L., and Leishman, M.R. (2006). Assessing the potential impacts of climate change on weeds in New South Wales: establishing priorities. Proceedings of the 15th Australian Weeds Conference, Adelaide.

Brierley, G., Miller, C., Brooks, A., Fryirs, K., Boulton, A., Ryder, D., Leishman, M.R., Keating, D. and Lander, J.  (2005). Making integrative, cross-disciplinary research happen: Initial lessons from the Upper Hunter River Rehabilitation Initiative.  In: Rutherfurd, I. and Wiszniewski, I. (eds.) Fourth Australian Stream Management: Linking Rivers to Landscapes.Launceston, Tasmania


Hughes L, Downey P, Englert Duursma D, Gallagher R, Johnson S, Leishman M, Roger E, Smith P, Steel J (2012) Prioritising naturalised plant species for threat assessment: developing a decision tool for managers. National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast, pp. 69.

Leishman, M.R. (2010) Human impacts on natural vegetation. In ‘Field Guide to the Bushland of the Lane Cove Valley’ (ed. John Martyn), pp 88-91. STEP Inc., Turramurra.

Wilson, P.D., Downey, P.O., Gallagher, R.V., O’Donnell, J., Leishman, M.R. and Hughes, L. (2011) Modelling climate suitability for exotic plants in Australia under future climate. Final Report on the potential impact of climate change on the distribution of national priority weeds in Australia. Macquarie University and New South Wales Office of Environment and Heritage, Sydney, Australia.

Keating, D., Spink, A., Brooks, A., Sanders, M., Miller, C., Schmidt, T., Kyle, T., Fryirs, K., Leishman, M.R. (2008) The UHRRI Rehabilitation and Research Report 2003-2007. Macquarie Lighthouse Press.


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